When God created man, He gave him authority over every living thing on earth.
Genesis 1:26, "And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth."
Then God gave Adam the right to eat of every tree in the garden except the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. I have no doubt that God would have lifted this restriction when man had matured. It was off limits at the time because man was not ready to eat of it. (Gen. 2:16-17)
Note that Eve, was not yet created at this time and that the commandment was given to Adam. Then God, knowing that being alone is not good for Adam, creates a helper and companion comparable to himself. (Genesis 2:18)
Sometime after this, is the infamous encounter between Eve and the serpent, who is either acting on behalf of satan, or in fact is satan in the form of a serpent. The first thing he does is to cast doubt on God by questioning what He said. "hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?". Expressed today it would sound something like "Can it really be that God has said that you should not eat of every tree of the garden?" Eve answers in Genesis 3:2-3, "And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die." She added to what God had said, either out of enthusiasm, not paying attention to what Adam certainly should have told her, or what, we do not know. The serpent (satan) continues, first with an outright lie, then with words designed to inspire jealousy, envy, and desire: Genesis 3:4-5, "And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil."
Eve was convinced. It looked tasty, and she believed that it would grant wisdom, making one like God. The serpent (satan) had implied that God did not want them to have this wisdom, or understand and discern between good and evil. So she ate the forbidden fruit.
Genesis 3:6, "And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat."
It's a good idea here to read that verse again. Yes, she was the first one to eat, and she was deceived, tricked into doing it. But where was Adam during all this? HE WAS RIGHT THERE ALL ALONG! He knew better than she what God had said about that one fruit, he had also been given authority over every living thing on the earth. All he had to do was stop her, tell her and the serpent (satan) that God had commanded them not to eat the fruit of that tree, and that they were going to do as God had commanded. But no, she gave it to him and he ate. Later, he does like so many of us have done, he tried to lay the blame on her. Genesis 3:12, "And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat." So the first sin was Adam's, and in doing what satan wanted, he yielded the authority that God gave him to satan
This is why, when satan tempted Jesus, he was able to make the offer that he did: Luke 4:5-6, "And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it.". It had been surrendered to him back in the garden, when Adam knowingly did what God had told him not to do.
The serpent is punished: Genesis 3:14, "And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:". This, by the way, explains why snakes do not have legs.
Because any seed yields the same kind of fruit that it came from, Adam's seed (descendants) inherited the willingness to sin that Adam had. And since we are all descended from the seed of a man and the seed of a woman, we all inherit that same willingness to sin, As Jesus explained to the Pharisees in John 8:44, "Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it."
At this point, God gave a promise that what Adam had given away, would be restored. Genesis 3:15, "And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel." God says that He will put animosity between her and the serpent (satan), and that while he would cause some hurt to her seed, her seed would crush him, defeating him once and for all and regaining what had been stolen.
The seed of the woman was born when Mary conceived by the Holy Spirit and gave birth to Jesus. Because he was born of a virgin, he was not the seed of a man, but of a woman. When Jesus was crucified, the prophecy in Genesis 3:15 was fulfilled. Jesus, who lived without sin, paid the price for sin, so that by placing our faith in Him and relying not on ourselves but on Him, we could be born again. When we accept Jesus' sacrifice for our sins, we are born again, and adopted into the family of God. We become co-heirs with Jesus and inherit all that he has, Matthew 28:18, "And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth."
We have inherited with Jesus, all power in heaven and in earth, provided that we accept His sacrifice for our sins and let his blood of the new covenant wash us clean from sin, making us the righteousness of God. 2 Corinthians 5:21, "For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him."
Have you accepted this free gift? God will not force it on you, the choice is yours. Talk to Him about it today.